Comparison of the effectiveness of paired and single tori lines for preventing bait attacks by seabirds and their bycatch in pelagic longline fisheries


Sato, N., Minami, H., Katsumata, N., Ochi, D. and Yokawa, K.



Journal/Publisher Name: 

Fisheries Research

Volume (Issue #): 


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Contact information: 

National Research Institute of Far Seas Research 5-7-1 Orido Shimtzu Shtzuoka 424-8633 Japan

Experiments were conducted aboard pelagic longline vessels in the western North Pacific to determine the effectivness of paired tori lines in reducing seabird bycatch.  Paired tori lines (PT) were compared against single tori lines (ST) during these tests.  The most abundant species of bird attacking longlines was the Laysan albatross (90.2%).  There was a significant difference in the mean number of albatross and shearwater birds between ST and PT deployments, with the mean number of birds being lower with PT deployments.  PT deployments reduced attacks by albatross's by 47.8% and few attacks occurred within 75 m of the stern.  However when ST were deployed, albatross attacked from 25 to 200 m of the stern.  The number of secondary attacks was significantly lower when PT were used compared to ST, with PT deployments reducing secondary attacks by 43.4%.  In addition, no statistically significant difference in the distribution of secondary attacks between port and stern were found when ST were used but statistical differences were found during PT deployments.