The effects of neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets on the behavior of the small spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula) and the thornback skate (Raja clavata)

Smith, L.E .and C.P. O'Connell
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Ocean & Coastal Management
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In Press
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Neodymium-iron-boron (Nd2Fe14B) permanent magnets were used to test behavioral responses in spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula) and thornback skates (Raja clavata). Both species significantly avoided the Nd2Fe14B magnets more often in comparison to the control and procedural control and they fed significantly more from the control an procedural control in comparison to the magnets. The study also demonstrated a correlation between avoidance speed and distance with water temperature.