Trawls

Trawls are cone-shaped nets with two, four, or more panels, ending in a bag. They are towed at midwater or near the bottom, and held open horizontally by heavy doors (<i>otter trawls</i>), by beams, or by the tension created by lines connecting the net to two separate vessels (<i>pair trawls</i>). The net opening is sustained vertically by floats and weights. Fish size and species is controlled by mesh size; pelagic, demersal, and benthic fish can be targeted. The recent development of trawls with large wheels (<i>rockhoppers</i>) prevents damage and tangling of nets, and has eliminated the disincentive to trawling along rugged seafloors.
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For more detailed information, please visit the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department <a href="http://www.fao.org/fishery/geartype/103/en" target="_blank">trawl nets</a> web page.

Displaying 61 - 70 of 121

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Florida

Target catch: 

Shrimp

Effect on bycatch species: 

Florida fisheye bycatch reduction device (BRD) did not significantly reduce finfish bycatch. The large-mesh extended-mesh funnel BRD significantly reduced bycatch. The simulator cone (used with both BRD's) significantly reduced bycatch.

Effect on target catch: 

Florida fisheye BRD retained shrimp. The large-mesh extended-mesh funnel BRD had low shrimp loss at Tarpon Springs but at Biscayne Bay shrimp loss was significant. The simulator cone (used with both BRD's) resulted in significant shrimp loss.

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Northern Australia

Target catch: 

Prawns

Effect on bycatch species: 

JT 2 design reduced finfish bycatch by 5%

Effect on target catch: 

Caught 5.2% more tiger prawns and 6.9% more endeavour prawns than standard net

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Northern Australia

Target catch: 

Prawns

Effect on bycatch species: 

JT 2 design did not prevent capture of large sharks and rays

Effect on target catch: 

Caught 5.2% more tiger prawns and 6.9% more endeavour prawns than standard net

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Northern Australia

Target catch: 

Prawns

Effect on bycatch species: 

JT 1 design did not prevent capture of large sharks and rays

Effect on target catch: 

Caught 6.6% more tiger prawns and 10.5% more endeavour prawns than standard net

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Northern Australia

Target catch: 

Prawns

Effect on bycatch species: 

JT 2 design did not prevent capture of sea turtles

Effect on target catch: 

Caught 5.2% more tiger prawns and 6.9% more endeavour prawns than standard net

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

Northern Australia

Target catch: 

Prawns

Effect on bycatch species: 

JT 1 design did not prevent capture of sea turtles

Effect on target catch: 

Caught 6.6% more tiger prawns and 10.5% more endeavour prawns than standard net

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

Study Type: 

Field study in the wild

Location: 

New South Whales, Australia

Target catch: 

School prawn

Effect on bycatch species: 

Retained fewer fish

Effect on target catch: 

In experiment 2, where a trawler was placed in front of the mouth of the net, the selection range of school prawns was incrementally smaller from the 1-m square-mesh codend to the 3-m square mesh codend compared to the diamond mesh codend and school praw

Article: 

Bycatch species: 

Reduction technique: 

Fishing Gear: 

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