Dr. Scott Kraus, Vice President and Senior Science Advisor/Chief Scientist, Marine Mammal Conservation, Anderson Cabot Center for Ocean Life at the New England Aquarium, is one of the leading experts on the biology of the North Atlantic right whale, and has extensive experience with his team at the Aquarium in building consensus among industry and scientists in achieving conservation outcomes. These include the relocation of shipping lanes away from sensitive whale habitats, and the development of practical “whale friendly” fishing methods. Dr. Kraus has a PhD.
This project provided training in social science techniques for characterizing the fishing industry within three target countries: Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador. The project was designed to support NMFS/OIA efforts to reduce marine mammal bycatch in international fisheries, especially those that export fish and fish products to the United States.
Most bycatch reduction techniques so far implemented around the world have been in commercial fisheries within developed countries, which have relatively strong regulatory and enforcement capacity, and that generally can absorb increased expenses or reduced revenue from regulated modifications to fishing methods.